Discharge models

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The discharge models aim to determine or estimate the amount of material (liquid or gas) released to the environment due to the occurrence of catastrophic failure (break, crack, leak) of valves, pipelines, vessels and others.

Available models

The Riskan has four discharge from vessel models, all based on Bernoulli's equation for the fluid and thermodynamic properties, as described in Yellow Book of TNO. Are they:

It also has three models to discharge from duct, based on the models of Yellow Book of TNO:

It also contains three fixed models that consider only fixed discharge values:

Selecting the model

The choice of model follows the logic described in the figure below. In the case of a pressurized liquefied gas, leaks can be considered in the liquid phase or the vapor phase.


Discharge1 en.png


The decision on the main force acting on a leak is usually the reservoir unless the leak occurs in a very distant duct tank or shortly after a bomb. When in doubt, simulating the three situations and consider that the result of which gave greater.

Back to mathematical models or see the evaporation models.